STD Testing in Philadelphia

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are basically infectious diseases that are transmitted from person to person through sexual or intimate contact. Statistics carried out on STD testing reveal that venereal diseases are most common among teens of today. However, there exists millions of adults, either married or unmarried that are infected with STDs. Therefore, this article narrows down to understanding the basics of STDs, which includes the ways in which they can be transmitted, their common signs and symptoms and most important how they can be treated. Examples of these STDs include gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes simplex among others. 

Ways in which STDs are transmitted
The most common way in which STDs are spread is through unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person. Another factor that has accelerated the spread of venereal diseases includes direct skin-to-skin contact with an individual who is infected, especially when there are sores in the body. This is particularly witnessed in STDs like genital warts or herpes.

Alternatively, people tend to be misled that they can not contract STDs through oral or anal sex. But this misconception is wrong because they STDs bacteria or viruses can enter a person’s body through sores in the mouth or rather tears and tiny cuts in the anus. The spread of STDs has been hastened in the recent past because of the irresponsible sexual behaviors and sedentary lifestyles of persons. People who engage in multiple relationships and thus adding their sexual partners are at a risk of contracting the infection. Another thing is that it is almost difficult to know who has a STD and who doesn’t have judging from the physical appearance.

Signs and symptoms of STDs
The symptoms of STDs tend to vary among individuals depending on what type of STD they have contracted, however, there are common symptoms as outlined below:
1) Sensational burning when a person is urinating, which makes urinating uncomfortable.
2) There is an unusual discharge, especially pus from the penis and vagina of infected persons.
3) Redness and increased itching in the genital area
4) Developed warts or sores on the genital area.
5) Anal bleeding, itching or soreness.

Diagnosis
An infected person should seek medical consultation for testing of STDs. The medical doctor or nurse will take a thorough look into the oral cavity, the rectum and the genital area and deduce their findings. Pelvic examination among the women can also be taken. Consequently, blood and urine tests will also be done in order to establish the type of STD.

Treatment
On realization of specific type of STD, the infected person will be given the right treatment which may include drug prescription or getting an injection. For STDs that cannot be cured, such as HIV/AIDS, treatment is administered in order to relieve the symptoms and reduce pain.

Prevention
As much as there is widespread infections of STDs, people can take a turnaround and completely avoid sex, of course for those who are unmarried. But for the married and those who are sexually active, it is important to practice safe sex. This means that knowing the partner(s) STD status, using a condom for every sexual activity and attending medical check-ups for STDs screening regularly.

Finally, with all the above facts about STDs at hand, it is worth noting that people can establish themselves and work towards reducing or eliminating the STD menace.

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