STD Testing in Pittsburgh
Sexually transmitted diseases, commonly abbreviated as STDs are infections which result from sexual contact with other people who have been infected already. Generally, STDs are passed by simply having sexual intercourse with someone else who is infected. The most common types of STDs which can be passed include herpes simplex, Chlamydia, HIV, gonorrhea, HPV, syphilis and trichomoniasis. It is therefore very important for one to keep on testing regularly especially those who are sexually active. The testing procedures for STDs are different and they usually vary according to the specific infection that is under scrutiny. The following are some of the different methods used in STD testing.
In physical tests, a health professional officer checks the anus or genitals for any signs of disrupted skin, warts, rash, discharge or sores. Physical tests are commonly used if someone is being tested for Chlamydia, scabies, pubic lice (crabs) or genital herpes. Women can also undergo this test so as to be tested for pelvic inflammatory diseases, genital warts or bacterial vaginosis.
This is the second way that is commonly used by doctors in testing STDs. Blood tests are normally performed so as to check if there is presence of any disease markers within the body of the person undergoing the test. These tests classically involve either pricking the skin or drawing the blood directly from the veins. These tests can be used if someone is being tested for pelvic inflammatory disease, syphilis, hepatitis B, cytomegalovirus or herpes. Blood tests are very crucial for detection of HIV/AIDS.
Use of cell and saliva samples
Saliva or cell samples are mostly used to uncover other disease markers. These kinds of sampling can be done if someone is being tested for scabies, gonorrhea, high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV), Chlamydia, sexually-transmitted skin virus molluscum contagiosum or HIV/AIDS.
The urine tests
Urine test is also used to uncover particular disease processes. One can be asked to give his or her urine sample if being tested for gonorrhea or Chlamydia. This test can also be used in testing HIV/AIDS.
Discharge as well as fluid testing
Discharge from the anus or urethra can reveal the presence of Chlamydia or gonorrhea. For females, discharge can be gathered from the vagina or cervix. Someone may undergo this kind of discharge testing especially if being checked for gonorrhea, pelvic inflammatory disease, Chlamydia, bacterial vaginosis or trichomoniasis. Fluid can also be extracted from a very active sore so as to determine the kind of STD present. One can even undergo this testing for the presence of syphilis or herpes.
There are also other procedures which are performed in order to detect specific STDs although they are not very common. They include biopsy which entails taking a small tissue sample in order to detect the presence of scabies. Checking for the sexually transmitted intestinal parasites needs taking a sample of stool in a procedure referred to as proctoscopy. This procedure involves testing the rectum using a narrow, lighted tube. Checking for the pelvic inflammatory diseases needs a laparoscopy. This one involves testing the reproductive organs using a small incision in the navel.
In conclusion, the above are some of the methods used in STD testing. You can just read and get to know them since they can help you be ready of what to expect if you are going for STD testing.